Initiative referendum and recall definition

initiative, referendum, and recall

initiative referendum and recall definition


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Taken together, they are called the politics of direct action. Initiative, referendum, and recall are three means by which the people may bring their will to bear directly on the legislative process and the machinery of government. Most constitutional democracies, such as Australia, Canada, Italy, and the United States, operate through a system of representative government. If the people are dissatisfied with and want to change the actions of government, or if the government…. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements!

The following also is provided in Spanish. Initiative , Referendum and Recall are three powers reserved to the voters to enable them, by petition, to propose or repeal legislation or to remove an elected official from office. Proponents of an initiative, referendum or recall effort must apply with the City Clerk for an official petition serial number. Pursuant to state law A. Titles 16 and 19 , prior to beginning any political activity pertaining to initiative, referendum or recall efforts, a statement of organization must be filed with the City Clerk to register the political committee. The City Clerk Department provides a packet of information that contains the necessary forms and additional information regarding these three important processes. Initiative Initiative is a power reserved to the voters to propose legislation, by petition, that would enact, amend or repeal a City Charter or Code provision.

Click on an image to see a larger version. Beach Senator H. Populist member L. Rader from Pierce County introduced the first resolution to amend the Constitution to include the provision for the initiative and referendum that session. The initiative and referendum were part of a reform program widely discussed across the nation.

In political terminology, the initiative is a process that enables citizens to bypass their state legislature by placing proposed statutes and, in some states, constitutional amendments on the ballot. The first state to adopt the initiative was South Dakota in Since then, 23 other states have included the initiative process in their constitutions, the most recent being Mississippi in That makes a total of 24 states with an initiative process. There are two types of initiatives: direct and indirect.

In the politics of the United States , the process of initiatives and referendums allow citizens of many U. Initiatives and referendums, along with recall elections and popular primary elections , are signature reforms of the Progressive Era ; they are written into several state constitutions , particularly in the West. The Progressive Era was a period marked by reforms aimed at breaking the concentrated power, or monopoly , of certain corporations and trusts. Many Progressives believed that state legislatures were part of this problem and that they were essentially "in the pocket" of certain wealthy interests. They sought a method to counter this—a way in which average persons could become directly involved in the political process.

Initiative, Referendum and Recall

Initiatives and referendums in the United States




Types of Direct Democracy-Referendum, Plebiscite, Recall, Initiative for UPSC & other Exams




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  1. Christelle S. says:

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  2. Calandre B. says:

    Initiative, Referendum, and Recall

  3. Quisijasra says:

    History of initiative and referendum in the U.S. - Ballotpedia

  4. Barbie P. says:

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